What is

Cutoff Date


The amount of money a company spends to fill a vacancy, including finding, hiring, and onboarding a new employee.

A cutoff date for financial statements, also known as the "as of" date, is when the financial information in a statement applies. 

Cutoff dates mark the end of an accounting period for preparing financial statements. Financial statements provide a snapshot of a company's financial position and performance as of that date.

Let’s say a company's cutoff date for financial statements is on December 31, 2023. The information in the statements would reflect the company's financial status and activities before and up until that date. 

Cutoff dates let your stakeholders (like investors, creditors, and management) analyze and evaluate a company's financial health and performance during a given period.

The typical financial statements prepared as of the cutoff date include the following:

  • Balance Sheet (Statement of Financial Position): This provides information about the company's assets, liabilities, and shareholder equity at a specific date.
  • Income Statement (Profit and Loss Statement): An income statement presents the company's revenues, expenses, and net income or loss for the period leading up to the cutoff date.
  • Cash Flow Statement: This shows the company's cash flows in and out during the specified period. Cash flow statements are categorized into operating, investing, and financing activities.
  • Statement of Changes in Equity: This demonstrates changes in shareholders' equity, including share capital, retained earnings, and other equity components, during a reporting period.

An exact cutoff date for financial statements can help you make informed decisions and comparisons about your company's financial performance and position over time. It’s also a useful benchmark to see how you compare to other companies in your industry.

How Does the Cutoff Date on Financial Statements Impact Payroll? 

Cutoff dates on your financial statements can impact payroll in several ways, especially concerning the recognition and reporting of expenses around employee compensation. 

Your financial statements must accurately reflect your company's financial position and performance as of the cutoff date. This includes properly treating payroll-related transactions. Here are some ways the cutoff date can impact payroll:

  • Accrual Payroll of Expenses: The cutoff date determines the end of the accounting period for which financial statements are prepared. If the payroll period spans across the cutoff date, unpaid wages and salaries earned by employees up to the cutoff date need to be accrued in the financial statements. Accruing these expenses means recognizing them in the current period's financial statements, even if the payment to employees occurs after the cutoff date.
  • Unpaid Bonuses and Commissions: If the company has any outstanding bonuses or commissions owed to employees for work performed up to the cutoff date but still needs to be paid, these amounts must be accrued and included in the financial statements.
  • Employee Benefits and Withholdings: Employee benefits like health insurance, retirement contributions, and payroll taxes should be accounted for and accrued up to the cutoff date, even if they are paid out after that date.
  • Reporting Liabilities: The payroll-related accruals mentioned above will create corresponding liabilities on the company's balance sheet as of the cutoff date. These liabilities represent the amounts owed to employees for work performed and benefits accrued up to that date.
  • Impact on Cash Flow Statement: The timing of payroll disbursements can affect the company's cash flow statement. If the company pays its employees on a date after the cutoff date, it will be reflected in the cash flow statement as a cash outflow in the subsequent accounting period.

It's essential for companies to accurately record and recognize payroll expenses and liabilities in their financial statements as of the cutoff date to present an accurate and fair view of the company's financial position and performance. This ensures transparency for stakeholders and compliance with accounting standards, such as the accrual basis of accounting, which requires recognizing revenues and expenses when they are earned or incurred, regardless of the timing of cash transactions.

How Can Borderless Help?

Managing a remote team is tough. At Borderless, we understand the ins and outs of global employment, including less-obvious topics like cutoff dates. We’re here to ensure you understand how cutoff dates impact both your payroll responsibilities as an employer and your legal compliance requirements.   

In over 150 countries, we can help you understand the different work cultures worldwide and act as your guide through your employees’ entire tenure with your company. 

Book a demo today to find out how we can help.